|Dynasties of Ancient Egypt|
|Early Dynastic Period|
|3rd 4th 5th 6th|
|First Intermediate Period|
|7th 8th 9th 10th|
|11th (Thebes only)|
|11th (All Egypt)|
|12th 13th 14th|
|Second Intermediate Period|
|15th 16th 17th|
|18th 19th 20th|
|Third Intermediate Period|
|21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th|
|26th 27th 28th|
|29th 30th 31st|
|Alexander the Great|
The Saite or Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt was the last native dynasty to rule History of Ancient Egypt before the Persian conquest (although others followed), and had its capital at Sais. It is part of the Late Period.
This dynasty traced its origins to the Twenty-fourth Dynasty. Psammetichus I was the great-grandson of Bakenrenef, and following the Assyrians invasions during the reigns of Taharqa and Tantamani, he was recognized as sole king over all of Egypt. While the Assyrian Empire was preoccupied with revolts and civil war over control of the throne, Psammetichus threw off his ties to the Assyrians, and formed alliances with Gyges, king of Lydia, and recruited mercenaries from Caria and Greece to resist Assyrian attacks.
With the sack of Nineveh in 612 BC and the fall of the Assyrian Empire, both Psammetichus and his successors attempted to reassert Egyptian power in the Near East, but were driven back by the Babylonians under Nebuchadrezzar II. With the help of Greek mercenaries, Apries was able to hold back Babylonian attempts to conquer Egypt, but it was the Persians who conquered Egypt, and their king Cambyses II carried Psammetichus III to Susa in chains.
|Necho I||672 BC - 664 BC|
|Psammetichus I (Wahibre)||664 BC - 610 BC|
|Necho II (Wehemibre)||610 BC - 595 BC|
|Psammetichus II (Neferibre)||595 BC - 589 BC|
|Apries (Haaibre)||589 BC - 570 BC|
|Amasis II (Khnemibre)||570 BC - 526 BC|
|Psammetichus III (Ankhkaenre)||526 BC - 525 BC|
Sextus Julius Africanus states in his often accurate version of Manetho's Epitome that this dynasty was comprised of a total of 9 kings beginning with a Stephinates (Tefnakht II) and ending with Psammetichus III. Africanus also correctly notes that Psammetichus I and Necho I ruled Egypt for 54 and 8 years respectively.