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Amenemhat IV
Amenemhet4
Rule
Reign 1815-1806 BC
Dynasty 12th Dynasty
Names
Praenomen Maat Kheru Re
Nomen Amenemhat

(The voice of Re is true)

Nebty Seheb Tawy

(The two ladies, who make the two lands festive)

Horus Kheper Kheperu

(Horus, the transformation of transformations)

Golden Horus Sekhem Neteru

(The golden Horus, powerful one of the gods)

Legacy
Family
Burial Place
Monuments

Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh, likely ruling between 1815 BC - 1806 BC. He served first as a junior coregent to Amenemhat III and completed the latter's temple at Medinet Madi. The Temple of Medinet Madi is "the only intact temple still existing from the Middle Kingdom" according to Zahi Hawass, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA).[1] The temple's foundations, administrative buildings, granaries and residences were recently uncovered by an Egyptian archaeological expedition in early 2006. Amenemhat IV likely also built a temple in the northeastern Fayum at Qasr el-Sagha.


Amenemhet4 (1)

Amenemhat IV

The Turin Canon papyrus attributes Amenemhet IV a reign of 9 Years 3 Months and 27 days. He served the first year of his reign as the junior co-regent to his powerful predecessor, Amenemhat III according to a rock graffito in Nubia. His short reign was relatively peaceful and uneventful; several dated expeditions were recorded at the mines Serabit el-Khadim in the Sinai during his reign. It was shortly after his death that the gradual decline of the Middle Kingdom is thought to have begun.

Amenemhat died without an eligible male heir, and was succeeded by his half-sister (or perhaps his aunt) Sobeknefru, who became the first woman in about 1500 years to rule Egypt. He may have been Sobeknefru's spouse but no historical evidence currently substantiates this theory.

References

  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History,Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 61
  • Shaw, Ian. Nicholson, Paul: The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers. 1995.

External links


Preceded by:
Amenemhat III
Pharaoh of Egypt
Twelfth Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Sobekneferu

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