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Pyramid of Khafre
Khafre Pyramid
Schematics
Geographical Data
Location Giza Plateau
Coordinates 29.9761° N, 31.1308° E
Excavation Information
Discovery Date March 2, 1818 (First Modern Exploration)
Excavator John Perring (1837)
Status Looted
Cultural Information
Occupants Khafre (Missing)
Dynasty Fourth
Architect Unknown

The Pyramid of Khafre is a fourth dynasty pyramid tomb. It was built for the Pharaoh Khafra. It is the second largest pyramid in the Giza plateau.

History

Not much is known about Khafre's pyramid. It was most likely looted sometime during the First Intermediate Period. During the Eighteenth Dynasty, the pyramid was robbed again under the order of Pharaoh Ramses II. Ramses II ordered his temple construction overseer to take casing stone from the pyramid to be used in a new temple in Heliopolis.

The first modern exploration occured on March 2, 1818, by Giovanni Belzoni. However, the first full exploration was conducted 19 years later by John Perring.

Construction

Materials

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Interior Design

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The Valley Temple

Khafre's Valley Temple is the best preserved temple found on the Giza Plateau. It was discovered by Auguste Mariette in 1858. The temple, often referred to as the granite temple, was built with polished red Aswan granite blocks. Each block was carved with pristine precision, even so to the point that most of them turn a corner.

The entrance of the temple is a large T-Shaped hallway. The hallway contains 23 emplacements where statues of the Pharoah Khafre would have been placed. They were lit up by natural light through small slits in the ceiling. Unfortunately, out of the 23 statues, only one remains intact. It now resides in the Cairo Museum.

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